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Silent, contemplative act serves as closing for Air Force Memorial dedication

Heads are bowed and hands are crossed during the opening prayer of the Wreath Ceremony held at the base of the new Air Force Memorial in Arlington, Va., Oct. 15, 2006. Secretary of the Air Force Michael W. Wynne officially closed the Air Force Memorial commemoration by leading the wreath laying ceremony.  (U.S. Air Force photo/Tech. Sgt. Cohen Young)

Heads are bowed and hands are crossed during the opening prayer of the Wreath Ceremony held at the base of the new Air Force Memorial in Arlington, Va., Oct. 15, 2006. Secretary of the Air Force Michael W. Wynne officially closed the Air Force Memorial commemoration by leading the wreath laying ceremony. (U.S. Air Force photo/Tech. Sgt. Cohen Young)

Hundreds gathered at the base of the new Air Force Memorial  as Secretary of the Air Force Michael W. Wynne officially closed the Air Force Memorial commemoration with a wreath laying ceremony in Arlington, Va., Oct. 15, 2006. Looking on are (from left) Chief Master Sgt. of the Air Force Rodney J. McKinley, Air Force Memorial Foundation Chairman Ross Perot Jr., and Air Force Chief of Staff Gen. T. Michael Moseley.  (U.S. Air Force photo/Tech. Sgt. Cohen Young)

Hundreds gathered at the base of the new Air Force Memorial as Secretary of the Air Force Michael W. Wynne officially closed the Air Force Memorial commemoration with a wreath laying ceremony in Arlington, Va., Oct. 15, 2006. Looking on are (from left) Chief Master Sgt. of the Air Force Rodney J. McKinley, Air Force Memorial Foundation Chairman Ross Perot Jr., and Air Force Chief of Staff Gen. T. Michael Moseley. (U.S. Air Force photo/Tech. Sgt. Cohen Young)

Hundreds gathered at the base of the new Air Force Memorial as Secretary of the Air Force Michael W. Wynne officially closed the Air Force Memorial commemoration with a wreath laying ceremony in Arlington, Va., Oct. 15, 2006. On behalf of all American citizens President George W. Bush accepted the Air Force Memorial from Air Force Memorial Foundation Chairman Ross Perot Jr. during the previous day's dedication ceremony at the base of the Air Force Memorial that overlooks the Pentagon.  Designed by the late James Ingo Freed the memorial with its three soaring spires inspired by the U.S. Air Force Thunderbirds bomb burst manuever, pays tribute to and honors the patriotic men and women of the U.S. Air Force and its predeccessor organizations. An open house was held near the Pentagon in conjunction with the dedication ceremony which featured performances by the U.S. Air Force Band, the U.S. Air Force Honor Guard drill team, and culminated with a concert featuring country music performer LeeAnn Womack. (U.S. Air Force photo/Tech. Sgt. Cohen Young)

Hundreds gathered at the base of the new Air Force Memorial as Secretary of the Air Force Michael W. Wynne officially closed the Air Force Memorial commemoration with a wreath laying ceremony in Arlington, Va., Oct. 15, 2006. On behalf of all American citizens President George W. Bush accepted the Air Force Memorial from Air Force Memorial Foundation Chairman Ross Perot Jr. during the previous day's dedication ceremony at the base of the Air Force Memorial that overlooks the Pentagon. Designed by the late James Ingo Freed the memorial with its three soaring spires inspired by the U.S. Air Force Thunderbirds bomb burst manuever, pays tribute to and honors the patriotic men and women of the U.S. Air Force and its predeccessor organizations. An open house was held near the Pentagon in conjunction with the dedication ceremony which featured performances by the U.S. Air Force Band, the U.S. Air Force Honor Guard drill team, and culminated with a concert featuring country music performer LeeAnn Womack. (U.S. Air Force photo/Tech. Sgt. Cohen Young)

Hundreds sat around and neat the Honor Guard statue at the base of the new Air Force Memorial while Secretary of the Air Force Michael W. Wynne officially closed the Air Force Memorial commemoration with a wreath laying ceremony in Arlington, Va., Oct. 15, 2006. On behalf of all American citizens President George W. Bush accepted the Air Force Memorial from Air Force Memorial Foundation Chairman Ross Perot Jr. during the previous day's dedication ceremony at the base of the Air Force Memorial that overlooks the Pentagon.  Designed by the late James Ingo Freed the memorial with its three soaring spires inspired by the U.S. Air Force Thunderbirds bomb burst manuever, pays tribute to and honors the patriotic men and women of the U.S. Air Force and its predeccessor organizations. An open house was held near the Pentagon in conjunction with the dedication ceremony which featured performances by the U.S. Air Force Band, the U.S. Air Force Honor Guard drill team, and culminated with a concert featuring country music performer LeeAnn Womack. (U.S. Air Force photo/Tech. Sgt. Cohen Young)

Hundreds sat around and neat the Honor Guard statue at the base of the new Air Force Memorial while Secretary of the Air Force Michael W. Wynne officially closed the Air Force Memorial commemoration with a wreath laying ceremony in Arlington, Va., Oct. 15, 2006. On behalf of all American citizens President George W. Bush accepted the Air Force Memorial from Air Force Memorial Foundation Chairman Ross Perot Jr. during the previous day's dedication ceremony at the base of the Air Force Memorial that overlooks the Pentagon. Designed by the late James Ingo Freed the memorial with its three soaring spires inspired by the U.S. Air Force Thunderbirds bomb burst manuever, pays tribute to and honors the patriotic men and women of the U.S. Air Force and its predeccessor organizations. An open house was held near the Pentagon in conjunction with the dedication ceremony which featured performances by the U.S. Air Force Band, the U.S. Air Force Honor Guard drill team, and culminated with a concert featuring country music performer LeeAnn Womack. (U.S. Air Force photo/Tech. Sgt. Cohen Young)

Heads are bowed and hands are crossed during the opening prayer of the Wreath Ceremony held at the base of the new Air Force Memorial in Arlington, Va., Oct. 15, 2006. Secretary of the Air Force Michael W. Wynne officially closed the Air Force Memorial commemoration by leading the wreath laying ceremony.  On behalf of all American citizens President George W. Bush accepted the Air Force Memorial from Air Force Memorial Foundation Chairman Ross Perot Jr. during the previous day's dedication ceremony at the base of the Air Force Memorial that overlooks the Pentagon.  Designed by the late James Ingo Freed the memorial with its three soaring spires inspired by the U.S. Air Force Thunderbirds bomb burst manuever, pays tribute to and honors the patriotic men and women of the U.S. Air Force and its predeccessor organizations. An open house was held near the Pentagon in conjunction with the dedication ceremony which featured performances by the U.S. Air Force Band, the U.S. Air Force Honor Guard drill team, and culminated with a concert featuring country music performer LeeAnn Womack. (U.S. Air Force photo/Tech. Sgt. Cohen Young)

Heads are bowed and hands are crossed during the opening prayer of the Wreath Ceremony held at the base of the new Air Force Memorial in Arlington, Va., Oct. 15, 2006. Secretary of the Air Force Michael W. Wynne officially closed the Air Force Memorial commemoration by leading the wreath laying ceremony. On behalf of all American citizens President George W. Bush accepted the Air Force Memorial from Air Force Memorial Foundation Chairman Ross Perot Jr. during the previous day's dedication ceremony at the base of the Air Force Memorial that overlooks the Pentagon. Designed by the late James Ingo Freed the memorial with its three soaring spires inspired by the U.S. Air Force Thunderbirds bomb burst manuever, pays tribute to and honors the patriotic men and women of the U.S. Air Force and its predeccessor organizations. An open house was held near the Pentagon in conjunction with the dedication ceremony which featured performances by the U.S. Air Force Band, the U.S. Air Force Honor Guard drill team, and culminated with a concert featuring country music performer LeeAnn Womack. (U.S. Air Force photo/Tech. Sgt. Cohen Young)

Hundreds gathered at the base of the new Air Force Memorial  as Secretary of the Air Force Michael W. Wynne officially closed the Air Force Memorial commemoration with a wreath laying ceremony in Arlington, Va., Oct. 15, 2006. Looking on are, from left: Chief Master Sgt. of the Air Force Rodney J. McKinley, Air Force Memorial Foundation Chairman Ross Perot Jr. , and Air Force Chief of Staff Gen. T. Michael Moseley.  On behalf of all American citizens President George W. Bush accepted the Air Force Memorial from Air Force Memorial Foundation Chairman Ross Perot Jr. during the previous day's dedication ceremony at the base of the Air Force Memorial that overlooks the Pentagon.  Designed by the late James Ingo Freed the memorial with its three soaring spires inspired by the U.S. Air Force Thunderbirds bomb burst manuever, pays tribute to and honors the patriotic men and women of the U.S. Air Force and its predeccessor organizations. An open house was held near the Pentagon in conjunction with the dedication ceremony which featured performances by the U.S. Air Force Band, the U.S. Air Force Honor Guard drill team, and culminated with a concert featuring country music performer LeeAnn Womack. (U.S. Air Force photo/Tech. Sgt. Cohen Young)

Hundreds gathered at the base of the new Air Force Memorial as Secretary of the Air Force Michael W. Wynne officially closed the Air Force Memorial commemoration with a wreath laying ceremony in Arlington, Va., Oct. 15, 2006. Looking on are, from left: Chief Master Sgt. of the Air Force Rodney J. McKinley, Air Force Memorial Foundation Chairman Ross Perot Jr. , and Air Force Chief of Staff Gen. T. Michael Moseley. On behalf of all American citizens President George W. Bush accepted the Air Force Memorial from Air Force Memorial Foundation Chairman Ross Perot Jr. during the previous day's dedication ceremony at the base of the Air Force Memorial that overlooks the Pentagon. Designed by the late James Ingo Freed the memorial with its three soaring spires inspired by the U.S. Air Force Thunderbirds bomb burst manuever, pays tribute to and honors the patriotic men and women of the U.S. Air Force and its predeccessor organizations. An open house was held near the Pentagon in conjunction with the dedication ceremony which featured performances by the U.S. Air Force Band, the U.S. Air Force Honor Guard drill team, and culminated with a concert featuring country music performer LeeAnn Womack. (U.S. Air Force photo/Tech. Sgt. Cohen Young)

Hundreds gathered at the base of the new Air Force Memorial  as Secretary of the Air Force Michael W. Wynne officially closed the Air Force Memorial commemoration with a wreath laying ceremony in Arlington, Va., Oct. 15, 2006. Looking on are, from left: Chief Master Sgt. of the Air Force Rodney J. McKinley, Air Force Memorial Foundation Chairman Ross Perot Jr. , and Air Force Chief of Staff Gen. T. Michael Moseley.  On behalf of all American citizens President George W. Bush accepted the Air Force Memorial from Air Force Memorial Foundation Chairman Ross Perot Jr. during the previous day's dedication ceremony at the base of the Air Force Memorial that overlooks the Pentagon.  Designed by the late James Ingo Freed the memorial with its three soaring spires inspired by the U.S. Air Force Thunderbirds bomb burst manuever, pays tribute to and honors the patriotic men and women of the U.S. Air Force and its predeccessor organizations. An open house was held near the Pentagon in conjunction with the dedication ceremony which featured performances by the U.S. Air Force Band, the U.S. Air Force Honor Guard drill team, and culminated with a concert featuring country music performer LeeAnn Womack. (U.S. Air Force photo/Tech. Sgt. Cohen Young)

Hundreds gathered at the base of the new Air Force Memorial as Secretary of the Air Force Michael W. Wynne officially closed the Air Force Memorial commemoration with a wreath laying ceremony in Arlington, Va., Oct. 15, 2006. Looking on are, from left: Chief Master Sgt. of the Air Force Rodney J. McKinley, Air Force Memorial Foundation Chairman Ross Perot Jr. , and Air Force Chief of Staff Gen. T. Michael Moseley. On behalf of all American citizens President George W. Bush accepted the Air Force Memorial from Air Force Memorial Foundation Chairman Ross Perot Jr. during the previous day's dedication ceremony at the base of the Air Force Memorial that overlooks the Pentagon. Designed by the late James Ingo Freed the memorial with its three soaring spires inspired by the U.S. Air Force Thunderbirds bomb burst manuever, pays tribute to and honors the patriotic men and women of the U.S. Air Force and its predeccessor organizations. An open house was held near the Pentagon in conjunction with the dedication ceremony which featured performances by the U.S. Air Force Band, the U.S. Air Force Honor Guard drill team, and culminated with a concert featuring country music performer LeeAnn Womack. (U.S. Air Force photo/Tech. Sgt. Cohen Young)

Hundreds gathered at the base of the new Air Force Memorial  as Secretary of the Air Force Michael W. Wynne officially closed the Air Force Memorial commemoration with a wreath laying ceremony in Arlington, Va., Oct. 15, 2006. On behalf of all American citizens President George W. Bush accepted the Air Force Memorial from Air Force Memorial Foundation Chairman Ross Perot Jr. during the previous day's dedication ceremony at the base of the Air Force Memorial that overlooks the Pentagon.  Designed by the late James Ingo Freed the memorial with its three soaring spires inspired by the U.S. Air Force Thunderbirds bomb burst manuever, pays tribute to and honors the patriotic men and women of the U.S. Air Force and its predeccessor organizations. An open house was held near the Pentagon in conjunction with the dedication ceremony which featured performances by the U.S. Air Force Band, the U.S. Air Force Honor Guard drill team, and culminated with a concert featuring country music performer LeeAnn Womack. (U.S. Air Force photo/Tech. Sgt. Cohen Young)

Hundreds gathered at the base of the new Air Force Memorial as Secretary of the Air Force Michael W. Wynne officially closed the Air Force Memorial commemoration with a wreath laying ceremony in Arlington, Va., Oct. 15, 2006. On behalf of all American citizens President George W. Bush accepted the Air Force Memorial from Air Force Memorial Foundation Chairman Ross Perot Jr. during the previous day's dedication ceremony at the base of the Air Force Memorial that overlooks the Pentagon. Designed by the late James Ingo Freed the memorial with its three soaring spires inspired by the U.S. Air Force Thunderbirds bomb burst manuever, pays tribute to and honors the patriotic men and women of the U.S. Air Force and its predeccessor organizations. An open house was held near the Pentagon in conjunction with the dedication ceremony which featured performances by the U.S. Air Force Band, the U.S. Air Force Honor Guard drill team, and culminated with a concert featuring country music performer LeeAnn Womack. (U.S. Air Force photo/Tech. Sgt. Cohen Young)

The Air Force Thunderbirds flew over the new Air Force Memorial in the "Missing Man" formation at the conclusion of the wreath dedication ceremony led by Secretary of the Air Force Michael W. Wynne, whom with the help of Air Force Chief of Staff T. Michael Mosely and Air Force Memorial Foudation Chairman Ross Perot, Jr., Chief Master Sergeant of the Air Force Rodney J. McKinley and former Secretaries of the Air Force, Chief of Staffs and Chief Master Sergeants of the Air Force  officially closed the Air Force Memorial commemoration weekend with a wreath laying ceremony in Arlington, Va., Oct. 15, 2006. On behalf of all American citizens President George W. Bush accepted the Air Force Memorial from Air Force Memorial Foundation Chairman Ross Perot Jr. during the previous day's dedication ceremony at the base of the Air Force Memorial that overlooks the Pentagon.  Designed by the late James Ingo Freed the memorial with its three soaring spires inspired by the U.S. Air Force Thunderbirds bomb burst manuever, pays tribute to and honors the patriotic men and women of the U.S. Air Force and its predeccessor organizations. An open house was held near the Pentagon in conjunction with the dedication ceremony which featured performances by the U.S. Air Force Band, the U.S. Air Force Honor Guard drill team, and culminated with a concert featuring country music performer LeeAnn Womack. (U.S. Air Force photo/Tech. Sgt. Cohen Young)

The Air Force Thunderbirds flew over the new Air Force Memorial in the "Missing Man" formation at the conclusion of the wreath dedication ceremony led by Secretary of the Air Force Michael W. Wynne, whom with the help of Air Force Chief of Staff T. Michael Mosely and Air Force Memorial Foudation Chairman Ross Perot, Jr., Chief Master Sergeant of the Air Force Rodney J. McKinley and former Secretaries of the Air Force, Chief of Staffs and Chief Master Sergeants of the Air Force officially closed the Air Force Memorial commemoration weekend with a wreath laying ceremony in Arlington, Va., Oct. 15, 2006. On behalf of all American citizens President George W. Bush accepted the Air Force Memorial from Air Force Memorial Foundation Chairman Ross Perot Jr. during the previous day's dedication ceremony at the base of the Air Force Memorial that overlooks the Pentagon. Designed by the late James Ingo Freed the memorial with its three soaring spires inspired by the U.S. Air Force Thunderbirds bomb burst manuever, pays tribute to and honors the patriotic men and women of the U.S. Air Force and its predeccessor organizations. An open house was held near the Pentagon in conjunction with the dedication ceremony which featured performances by the U.S. Air Force Band, the U.S. Air Force Honor Guard drill team, and culminated with a concert featuring country music performer LeeAnn Womack. (U.S. Air Force photo/Tech. Sgt. Cohen Young)

Secretary of the Air Force Michael W. Wynne  was joined by Air Force Chief of Staff T. Michael Mosely and Air Force Memorial Foudation Chairman Ross Perot, Jr., Chief Master Sergeant of the Air Force Rodney J. McKinley and former Secretaries of the Air Force, Chief of Staffs and Chief Master Sergeants of the Air Force at the base of the new Air Force Memorial for the Wreath memorial dedicaton service for fallen Airmen past and present here in Arlington, Va., Oct. 15, 2006. On behalf of all American citizens President George W. Bush accepted the Air Force Memorial from Air Force Memorial Foundation Chairman Ross Perot Jr. during the previous day's dedication ceremony at the base of the Air Force Memorial that overlooks the Pentagon.  Designed by the late James Ingo Freed the memorial with its three soaring spires inspired by the U.S. Air Force Thunderbirds bomb burst manuever, pays tribute to and honors the patriotic men and women of the U.S. Air Force and its predeccessor organizations. An open house was held near the Pentagon in conjunction with the dedication ceremony which featured performances by the U.S. Air Force Band, the U.S. Air Force Honor Guard drill team, and culminated with a concert featuring country music performer LeeAnn Womack. (U.S. Air Force photo/Tech. Sgt. Cohen Young)
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Secretary of the Air Force Michael W. Wynne was joined by Air Force Chief of Staff T. Michael Mosely and Air Force Memorial Foudation Chairman Ross Perot, Jr., Chief Master Sergeant of the Air Force Rodney J. McKinley and former Secretaries of the Air Force, Chief of Staffs and Chief Master Sergeants of the Air Force at the base of the new Air Force Memorial for the Wreath memorial dedicaton service for fallen Airmen past and present here in Arlington, Va., Oct. 15, 2006. On behalf of all American citizens President George W. Bush accepted the Air Force Memorial from Air Force Memorial Foundation Chairman Ross Perot Jr. during the previous day's dedication ceremony at the base of the Air Force Memorial that overlooks the Pentagon. Designed by the late James Ingo Freed the memorial with its three soaring spires inspired by the U.S. Air Force Thunderbirds bomb burst manuever, pays tribute to and honors the patriotic men and women of the U.S. Air Force and its predeccessor organizations. An open house was held near the Pentagon in conjunction with the dedication ceremony which featured performances by the U.S. Air Force Band, the U.S. Air Force Honor Guard drill team, and culminated with a concert featuring country music performer LeeAnn Womack. (U.S. Air Force photo/Tech. Sgt. Cohen Young)

The wreath, placed at the base of the new Air Force Memorial by Secretary of the Air Force Michael W. Wynne, glistens in the sun here in Arlington, Va., Oct. 15. Secretary Wynne was joined by fromer Secretaries of the Air Force, current Chief of Staff T. Michael Moseley and former Chief of staffs and Chief Master Sergeant of the Air Force Rodney McKinley as well as former Chief Master Sergeants of the Air Force in the wreath ceremony.  On behalf of all American citizens President George W. Bush accepted the Air Force Memorial from Air Force Memorial Foundation Chairman Ross Perot Jr. during the previous day's dedication ceremony at the base of the Air Force Memorial that overlooks the Pentagon.  Designed by the late James Ingo Freed the memorial with its three soaring spires inspired by the U.S. Air Force Thunderbirds bomb burst manuever, pays tribute to and honors the patriotic men and women of the U.S. Air Force and its predeccessor organizations. An open house was held near the Pentagon in conjunction with the dedication ceremony which featured performances by the U.S. Air Force Band, the U.S. Air Force Honor Guard drill team, and culminated with a concert featuring country music performer LeeAnn Womack. (U.S. Air Force photo/Tech. Sgt. Cohen Young)
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The wreath, placed at the base of the new Air Force Memorial by Secretary of the Air Force Michael W. Wynne, glistens in the sun here in Arlington, Va., Oct. 15. Secretary Wynne was joined by fromer Secretaries of the Air Force, current Chief of Staff T. Michael Moseley and former Chief of staffs and Chief Master Sergeant of the Air Force Rodney McKinley as well as former Chief Master Sergeants of the Air Force in the wreath ceremony. On behalf of all American citizens President George W. Bush accepted the Air Force Memorial from Air Force Memorial Foundation Chairman Ross Perot Jr. during the previous day's dedication ceremony at the base of the Air Force Memorial that overlooks the Pentagon. Designed by the late James Ingo Freed the memorial with its three soaring spires inspired by the U.S. Air Force Thunderbirds bomb burst manuever, pays tribute to and honors the patriotic men and women of the U.S. Air Force and its predeccessor organizations. An open house was held near the Pentagon in conjunction with the dedication ceremony which featured performances by the U.S. Air Force Band, the U.S. Air Force Honor Guard drill team, and culminated with a concert featuring country music performer LeeAnn Womack. (U.S. Air Force photo/Tech. Sgt. Cohen Young)

ARLINGTON, Va. (AFPN) -- With just a day having passed since introducing its new memorial to the world, the Air Force completed one final commemorative act, one likely to set the tone for the Memorial for decades to come.

On the morning of Oct. 15 and in a setting more silent and solemn than the dedication activities of the day prior, Air Force leaders and members of the Air Force Memorial Foundation laid a single wreath atop the star that lies between the three spires of the Air Force Memorial.

The wreath laying is the first official function to occur at the Air Force Memorial.

"The Air Force Memorial honors all who have served the nation in the Air Force and its predecessor organizations," said Secretary of the Air Force Michael W. Wynne. "It is therefore most appropriate that the first official Air Force function on this site be a memorial service to our fallen Airmen."

Over 54,000 Airmen have died in service to the Air Force and the predecessor organization that were combined to create it.

"This memorial, overlooking... Arlington National Cemetery, the nation's alter of freedom, remembers and honors the spirit of those Airmen departed, and reaffirms our commitment to the defense of this great nation," Secretary Wynne said.

During the wreath laying ceremony, four Air Force F-16 Fighting Falcon aircraft flew the "missing man" formation over the Memorial. The formation involves four aircraft flying with an apparent gap in the formation where there should be a fifth aircraft. During the formation, one aircraft abruptly pulls away from the others. Historically, the formation is used to honor pilots lost in battle.

The service's new memorial, dedicated Oct. 14, comes at the beginning of a year-long series of commemoratory events leading up to the Air Force's 60th anniversary, Sept. 18, 2007.

The Memorial is meant to honor the millions of men and women who have served in the Air Force since it was created, Sept. 18, 1947. It is also meant to commemorate the contributions of those who served in the many predecessor organizations that were combined to create the Air Force.

Those organizations include the aeronautical division and aviation section of the U.S. Signal Corps; the Secretary of War's division of military aeronautics; the Army Air Service; the U.S. Army Air Corps; and the U.S. Army Air Forces. In all, more than 54,000 individuals have died in combat while serving in the Air Force and the organizations that were combined to create it. The Memorial honors the memory of those individuals, the service of Airmen today and the service of Airmen in the future.

The Air Force Memorial, while not inside the District of Columbia, is within walking distance of both the Pentagon and Arlington National Cemetery. From the site, visitors can see the Pentagon, the Washington Monument and the dome of the U.S. Capitol Building.

The predominate feature of the Air Force Memorial is a set of three stainless steel spires that jut from the ground, the tallest of which reaches 270 feet into the air. The spires are meant to represent the Air Force's three core values as well as the "total force," which include members of the active duty Air Force, the Air National Guard and the Air Force Reserve. Visually, the three spires remind visitors of the smoke trails left by aircraft of the Air Force Thunderbird Demonstration Team when they perform the "bomb burst" maneuver.

The Memorial also includes a bronze statue that features four Air Force Honor Guard members, two granite inscription walls, a parade ground area and a glass wall with engravings illustrating the "missing man" aircraft formation.

The Air Force Memorial was designed by the late architect, James Ingo Freed who also designed the Ronald Reagan Building and International Trade Center, the Washington Opera House, and the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington D.C.